(Photo by Angela Breck for Maryland Matters)
WASHINGTON — Medicare can now negotiate lower prices for 10 common high-price drugs, cutting out-of-pocket costs for an estimated 9 million seniors and saving taxpayers billions, the Biden administration said Tuesday.
Medicare will begin this year to negotiate with the manufacturers of popular medications used to treat blood clots, diabetes, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic kidney disease, psoriasis, blood cancers, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
Enrollees will begin to see lower prices in 2026.
The prescription drug negotiations are a result of last year’s Inflation Reduction Act, a massive spending package that contained measures to reduce prescription drug prices, subsidize climate change reduction technology and adjust the corporate tax rate.
“For far too long, Americans have paid more for prescription drugs than any major economy. And while the pharmaceutical industry makes record profits, millions of Americans are forced to choose between paying for medications they need to live or paying for food, rent, and other basic necessities. Those days are ending,” President Joe Biden said in a statement Tuesday.
About 9 million enrollees in Medicare’s Part D prescription drug coverage program spent $3.4 billion out of pocket in 2022 on the 10 drugs selected for negotiation, according to a report released Tuesday by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
The 10 drugs are: Eliquis, Enbrel, Entresto, Farxiga, Imbruvica, Januvia, Jardiance, multiple Fiasp and NovoLog insulin products, Stelara and Xarelto.
Democrats hailed the announcement of the selected drugs. The party held majorities in both the House and Senate when Congress passed the Inflation Reduction Act along party lines in August 2022.
“For years politicians promised to take on the big drug companies and empower Medicare to negotiate lower drug prices for consumers. With the Inflation Reduction Act Democrats have delivered. Soon millions of Americans will see lower prices on some of the most expensive and widely used prescription drugs,” Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer of New York said in a statement Tuesday.
We Work for Health, an advocacy and communications initiative backed by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) that maintains a coalition in Virginia, issued a statement criticizing the list as an “overstep” and warning the drug pricing provisions of the Inflation Reduction Act would prevent pharmaceutical companies from being able to reinvest profits in research and development of new medicines.
“Today’s announcement lacks critical details for the American patients and workers who will be directly harmed by this flawed, short-sighted policy,” wrote We Work for Health Executive Dan Leonard. “While there has been so much attention placed on the list of drugs, the reality is that a growing list of areas of unmet patient need will face even greater hurdles as a result of the flawed policies and implementation of the IRA.”
Of the nearly 66 million Americans enrolled in Medicare, 52 million are enrolled in the Part D prescription drug coverage plan, according to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services enrollment dashboard.
The Inflation Reduction Act also made common adult vaccines, including shingles and TDAP, free for certain Medicare enrollees. Monthly insulin costs for Medicare enrollees were also reduced to $35 for Part D beneficiaries as part of the IRA, and beginning in 2025 annual out-of-pocket prescription drug costs will be capped at $2,000.
The law’s prescription drug provisions, including the government’s new ability to negotiate what it pays for certain drugs, is expected to reduce the federal deficit by $129 billion by 2031, according to a Congressional Budget Office analysis.
The government will choose 15 additional Part D-covered drugs in 2025 to negotiate lower prices beginning in 2027. Several more Part D and Part B drugs will be phased in for negotiations through 2029.
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