The U.S. Capitol. (Credit: Toni Smith, USGS. Public domain

WASHINGTON — The U.S. House Judiciary Committee committee advanced three gun safety bills on Tuesday over unified Republican opposition. 

The committee voted along partisan lines to approve “red flag” legislation that seeks to limit access to firearms for those deemed a risk to themselves or others. The committee also voted to advance legislation that would ban high-capacity magazines and another measure to prohibit people convicted of misdemeanor hate crimes from possessing firearms. 

Republican Rep. Ben Cline of Botetourt County, the lone Virginia lawmaker on the committee, voted against all three bills. 

All three measures are likely to pass the Democratic-controlled House, but are certain to face a steeper climb in the GOP-controlled Senate, where Republican lawmakers have blocked efforts to enact tougher gun laws in recent years. 

Congressional Democrats have made gun control a centerpiece of their agenda this fall in the wake of a string of mass shootings that killed dozens of people across the country last month and the massacre May 31 at a Virginia Beach municipal building. 

U.S. Rep. Ben Cline, R-6th.

Democrats said they don’t expect any single piece of legislation to fix the problem, but they pointed to these bills and background check legislation that the House passed in February as important efforts to curb gun violence. 

“We are acting because of the urgent need to respond to the daily toll of gun violence in our communities, whether they are mass shootings or not, and whether or not they make national headlines,” said Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler (D-N.Y.). “We must approach this issue with a range of solutions and with a sense of urgency.” 

President Donald Trump as well as some Republicans in the House and Senate have indicated that they may also be willing to back gun control reforms, but Tuesday night’s vote offers the latest indication that bipartisan compromise on the historically polarizing issue won’t come easily. 

House lawmakers argued for several hours into the night Tuesday about the proper legislative response to the widespread gun violence that kills roughly 35,000 Americans annually. 

The red flag law, H.R. 1236, would incentivize states to enact laws that allow courts to seize firearms from people deemed threats to themselves or others. It would also incorporate language from Rep. Lucy McBath (D-Ga.) to set up a procedure for obtaining so-called Extreme Risk Protection Orders in federal court.

McBath — whose son Jordan Davis was shot and killed in 2012 when he was 17 following an argument about loud music — told her colleagues Tuesday that “inaction is unacceptable.” 

“I know the pain of losing a child to gun violence and not anyone in this room or anyone in this country should ever be faced with that pain,” she said. “It is our responsibility to prevent this suffering, to bring an end to this constant heartbreak.” 

Rep. Don Beyer, a Democrat from Alexandria, a co-sponsor of the red flag legislation, lauded the committee vote. 

“Our bipartisan legislation would give state and local law enforcement a powerful tool to address mass shootings, suicides, domestic violence, and so many other forms of gun violence. It would help save lives while also respecting Americans’ due process rights,” he said. “I look forward to voting for this bill on the House Floor soon, and strongly urge my Senate colleagues to take forceful action immediately to stop gun violence.”

Republican lawmakers, meanwhile, questioned whether the legislation before the committee would properly address gun violence. They also cited concerns about gun owners’ due process rights as they declared their opposition to the Democratic-backed measures. 

“We need to work in a bipartisan fashion so we actually get it passed into law and do things that will actually make a difference,” said Rep. Debbie Lesko (R-Ariz.). “We also want to make sure that we’re not taking away people’s constitutional right without due process.” 

Rep. Jamie Raskin (D-Md.) said Republicans are using “absurd rhetoric” to argue that “when you have reasonable common-sense gun safety regulation to keep people from getting guns who shouldn’t have them, like felons and fugitives and unstable people that somehow we’re violating the Second Amendment.” 

He implored the GOP: “Let’s get together across party lines. This is for the American people.” 

Prospects for gun control legislation in the Senate also remained murky as lawmakers returned to Capitol Hill this week after a month-long recess. 

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) said Tuesday that the White House is preparing a proposal to respond to recent shootings and that he’ll decide to proceed after seeing Trump’s plan, the Hill reported

Sen. Pat Toomey (R-Pa.) told reporters that he’s in discussions with President Trump and his colleagues about stricter background check legislation, but he stressed that he doesn’t think H.R. 8, which would require background checks for private guns sales, (not required currently in Virginia and other states) has a chance at being passed in the Senate. 

“The president has been very engaged. He’s been very receptive,” Toomey said. “He is open to doing something in this space, and from my conversations with him and confirmed by his staff, he has not yet made a decision regarding exactly what he’s going to support.”